According to WorkFront 2018 State of Work report, 57% of knowledge workers “have not been formally trained to manage projects but do manage projects.”
Project Management is a large and complex field and it sometimes becomes difficult to comprehend it in totality. To be a successful project manager you need to master the skills, knowledge, creative problem solving, communication and many more.
Project Management Institute, PMI covers this vast field of knowledge by diving this in 10 knowledge areas and 5 process group in the Project Management Body of knowledge (PMBOK ver 6). These two categories are the backbone of the PMBOK Guide (Project Management Body of Knowledge).
- Project Management Knowledge area deals why are we doing process
- whereas Project Management Process Groups deals when are we doing any process
The 49 processes divided in these 10 Knowledge Area”s or in 5 Process groups are interconnected processes and cannot be performed in silos.
To be an effective change agent, you not only need a raw talent but methodological approach. You need to learn to avoid doing the same mistakes again and again.
The fight of Phase or Process group;
Phases are sequential or chronological elements whereas Process Groups are not. Two or more process groups can be/ will be running in parallel with each other as drawn below.
The process groups are derived from Walter A. Shewhart and Edward Deming 4 step management method for better control and continuous improvement.
P(lan) D(o) C(check) A(ct).
The phases or steps of the PDCA cycle are linked together by results – the result of one step becomes the input to another.
- Plan: identify and analyze the problem or opportunity, develop hypotheses about what the issues may be, and decide which one to test.
- Do: test the potential solution, ideally on a small scale, and measure the results.
- Check/Study: study the result, measure effectiveness, and decide whether the hypothesis is supported or not.
- Act: if the solution was successful, implement it.
The Process groups are as follows;
The five process groups have clear dependencies and are typically performed in the same sequence on each project
♣ Monitoring and
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Every project may have different life cycle but the Project management process groups remain the same.
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